The Mr. Local History Project builds on the 2006 research to bring you a great look at an event that’s nearing a Century mark.
What’s in a name? Some call it the Steeplechase, some the Far Hills Race Meeting, and some prefer to call it simply ‘The Hunt‘. Whichever name you choose, you’re all partially correct. While the name is officially called the Far Hills Race Meeting, hosted by the Far Hills Race Meeting Association (FHRMA), every year, on the last Saturday of October, the horses come back to Far Hills for the exciting equestrian event.
Far Hills Township swells over 40 times it’s normal size, from approximately 857 to almost 50,000, making it the largest population in Somerset County on this day each year. Von Stade quoted a former Far Hills official: “Fifty percent of the people come to see; 50 percent come to be seen.”
So what exactly is steeplechase? Steeplechasing includes the thrills and speed of thoroughbred racing at flat tracks. It mixes in the precision of jumping to create a hybrid like hurdle events in track and field where the premium is on speed, but the concern is focused squarely on the jumps. The races are two to four miles in length. The fences are man-made 52-inch hurdles or timber jumps constructed of posts and rails at varying heights. Thoroughbred horses, almost all of them converted flat racers, compete in 12 states at 32 National Steeplechase Association stops and at some of the nation¹s finest racetracks. More than 200 sanctioned steeplechase races worth a combined $5 million occur in the U.S. every year. For more, visit the National Steeplechase Association.
Steeplechase racing started a few centuries ago as part of the hunting tradition of gentrified England. Developed from the English and Irish pastime of fox hunting, hunters would test the speed of their mounts during the cross-country chase. The first recorded steeplechase took place in County Cook, Ireland in 1752, when two Irish foxhunters, Cornelius O’Callaghan and Edmund Blake, raced about 4 1/2 miles from St. John’s Church at Buttevant to St. Mary’s Church in Doneraile. St. Mary’s steeple was known as St. Leger Steeple. Church steeples being the most prominent landmarks on the landscape, this “chase to the steeple” gave the sport its name.
Cross-country, or point-to-point match racing spread to England, where the first race between more than two horses took place in 1792. As the sport grew in popularity, it moved into the more established tracks.
Organized steeplechase racing began about 1830, and has continued to be a popular sport in England to this day. The world’s most famous steeplechase race is England’s Grand National, held every year at Aintree, near Liverpool, since the track opened in 1839. From England the popularity of the sport spread across the Atlantic into the American colonies, where it became popular on Long Island, Maryland, Virginia and eastern Pennsylvania, before spreading to the Carolinas, Georgia, Massachusetts, Tennessee and Kentucky.
The first official steeplechase race held in this country took place in 1834, and was hosted by the Washington Jockey Club. In 1844, Hoboken racetrack owner C.S. Browning organized a jumping race in heats over 4-foot hurdles. By the 1880’s the sport was especially popular at the country hunt meet.
The Maryland Hunt Cup, started in 1894, is among the oldest and most prestigious races in the United States, raced over post-and-rail fences. The National Steeplechase Association was formed the following year, establishing the rules and racing schedules and advancing the cause of steeplechase racing in the years since.
The Far Hills Race Meeting (FHRM)
The founders of the FHRM are a venerable ‘who’s who in the area’ that dates back into the late 1890’s. Familar names like Pfizer, Schley, and Turnbull blanket the area with as street names, each was an integral part of the FHRM’s inception.
The Essex Hunt, originally sponsored by the Essex Hunt Club, was founded in 1870 in Montclair, New Jersey (Essex County). Known for being what’s called a drag hunt (where the scent of the fox was dragged over the course), the event was at the famed Essex Hunt Club.
In 1890, Charles Pfizer , son of the co-founder of the Pfizer company. bought the Essex Hunt Club of Montclair and moved it first to his friend George Schley’s estate, which was next to his Yademos (Someday spelled backwards) Bernardsville (The Yademos Estate) then the next year over to a new location in Gladstone.
With the Essex Hunt Club firmly established in Somerset County, in February 1913 the Essex Fox Hounds was incorporated with a dedicated purpose to promote fox hunting in Somerset County and in the adjoining counties. Soon after the Essex Hounds Club was incorporated, a new clubhouse was built along with a new set of kennels. Previously known as the old Miller Farm, the Essex Hunt Club is still off Route 206 on Holland Road in Gladstone.
Newark Star Ledger – Oct 16, 2003 pg31
The history of the steeplechase, a horse-rider obstacle course complete with metal fences, brick walls, shrubbery and water crossings of varied lengths and heights, dates to 1752 in County Cork, Ireland. Legend has it that two fox hunters challenged each other to a cross-country race toward a distant church steeple, taking the most direct route regardless of the obstacles encountered along the way.The race was well-received, and a sport was born. The sport soon evolved into a social event, and the tradition was brought over to America by English and Irish settlers in the early 19th century.
The Far Hills Race Meeting’s own history traces back to the Essex Hunt, a fox hunting event founded in Montclair in 1870, according to the Far Hills Race Meeting Association. The organizers of the Essex Hunt, led by “joint masters” Grant Schley and William Larned, incorporated as the Essex Fox Hounds in 1913 and purchased a farm near Peapack at which they would build a clubhouse, stables and kennels.
To thank the farmers and landowners on whose property club members hunted, the Essex Fox Hounds started a picnic and steeplechase race, called the Farmers’ Day Race Meeting. It was patterned after English agricultural shows, with strolling families, livestock, four-in-hand carriages, tempting displays of produce and pies and a minstrel show performed on a stage in front of the grandstand.
Although there was never any hunting on Farmer’s Race Day, locals soon began calling the affair “The Hunt,” because of its association with the Essex Fox Hounds and the New Jersey Hunt Cup steeplechase, the premier race that remains on the Far Hills Race Meeting’s race card, said Von Stade.
In 1916 the setting was moved to its current site on the Schley estate (now called Moorland Farms) nestled at the foot of Schley Mountain in both Far Hills and Bedminster, which had larger fairgrounds and abundant stables, and remains the race site to this day.
The race continued year after year, with a brief interruption during World War II, but attracted few spectators until 1954, when Somerset Medical Center stepped in to help run it.
“The Hunt Ghetto”
Sure there’s the high end social side, but there’s also the darker side. Back in the 1980’s something started to change when the drinking age in Jersey changed to 21 from 18. The Hunt “ghetto” was born.
2005- Far Hills Race Meeting Races
- Breeders’ Cup Steeplechase (NSA-I), $150,000g, $100,000 Breeders’ Cup Fund, 4&up, 21f (turf).
- Foxbrook Supreme Hurdle H (NSA-I) (R), $100,000g, 4&up, non-winners over hurdles prior to June 1, 2005, 20f (turf).
- Appleton S (NSA-III), $75,000g, 4&up, 17f (turf).
- New Jersey Hunt Cup, $75,000g, 4&up, 26f (turf).
- Gladstone Hurdle S, $50,000g, 3yo, 17f (turf).
- Peapack Sport of Queens (NSA-III), $50,000g, 3&up, f/m, 17f (turf).
The 1913 original 13 organizers of the Essex Fox Hounds
- Frederick Bull (Bedminster)
- Arthur A. Fowler (Bedminster)
- Seymour L. Cromwell (Mendham)
- William A. Larned (Summit)
- Joseph Larocque (Bernards Twp)
- Clarence Blair Mitchell (Bernards Twp)
- Benjamin Nicholl (Morristown)
- Charles Pfizer ( Bernards Twp)
- Percy R. Pyne (Bernards Twp)
- Kenneth B. Schley,(Bernards Twp)
- Arthur Turnbull (Bernards Twp)
Honorary Chairman of The Far Hills Race Meeting, Lewis C. Murdock said ” Steeplechasing’s history dates back hundreds of autumns to the British tradition of the fox hunt. Often after a hunt, the riders challenged each other to race toward a distant church steeple. They would ride the most direct course, regardless of the obstacles, in this ‘steeple chase.’ Eventually, this cross-country, pell-mell dash evolved into the distinct sporting event of steeple-chasing. To this day, the two sports – riding to the hounds and steeplechase are linked.”
In 1893 a man named Willie came to Gladstone with Charles Pfizer and served as huntsman for the Essex Hunt. In 1898 Willie and his wife, Bertha, purchased the Bedminster Hotel, as it was called, for $5,000. The hotel was renamed the “Howard Hotel” and in 1912 the first indoor plumbing was installed. The name was later changed to Willie’s Tavern….where you can still grab a sandwich and a pint today under the name Delicious Heights.
Other interesting tidbits about the Far Hills Race Meeting
Other Noteable Sources to learn more are available in the Anne O’Brien Research Room at the Clarence Dillon Library, Bedminster, NJ
- Recollections of the Essex Hunt by Frederick Jones ( 1870-to 1912 events). Ref 799.259JON
- Early Times by James Jones of Far Hills, (Covers 1913-1935)
- Who is James Jones – Click Here
- In 2018, the ridesharing concept joined the Far Hills Race Meeting with a partnership with Lyft. Lyft partnered with the Far Hills Race Meeting Association (FHRMA) and Beam Suntory, premium spirits maker of Maker’s Mark, to promote smart and responsible drinking as authorities continue to step up enforcement.
- In 2018, pari-mutuel wagering, from the French term meaning “amongst ourselves,” began being offered at the Hunt. In this method of wagering, the public is betting against each other, not against the racetrack. In effect, the track has no interest in the results of a race. The track simply deducts a percentage from each dollar wagered for payment of purses, state directed equine programs, and expenses. The remainder of the pool (83% of the win, place, and show bets) is returned proportionately to the winners.
Winners: (Breeders Cup Steeplechase at Moorland Farms)
It may not be the oldest race (NJ Hunt Cup is) , but it certainly pays the most!
YEAR FIRST (Age) JOCKEY lbs. SECOND (Age) lbs. THIRD (Age) lbs.
- 2018 – Jury Duty (7) Robbie Power Gordon Elliott (IRE) Sideways Syndicate 5:14.20
- 2017 – Mr. Hot Stuff (11) Danny Mullins Jack O. Fisher Mrs. S. K. Johnston, Jr. 4:42.40
- 2016 – Rawnaq (9) Ruby Walsh Cyril Murphy Irvin Naylor 4:50:00
- 2015 – Dawalan (5) Ross Geraghty Cyril Murphy Irvin Naylor 4:57.20
- 2014 – Demonstrative (7) Robert Walsh Richard Valentine 5:19.00
- 2013 – Divine Fortune (10) Darren Nagle Jonathan E. Sheppard 5:15.00
- 2012 – Pierrot Lunaire (8) Bernard Dalton Blythe Miller Davies 5:40.00
- 2011 – Black Jack Blues (8) Ross Geraghty Joseph W Delozier III Irvin S Naylor 5:29.80
- 2010 – Percussionist (9) James O’Farrell Hanne Bechmann 5:00.40
- 2009 – Your Sum Man (7) Ross Geraghty Thomas H. Voss Fields Stable 5:39.78
- 2008 – Good Night Shirt (7) William Dowling Jack Fisher Harold A. Via, Jr. 4:54.20
- 2007 – McDynamo (10) Jody Petty Sanna Hendriks Michael J. Moran 5:30.60
- 2006 – McDynamo (9) Jody Petty Sanna Hendriks Michael J. Moran 5:58.20
- 2005 – McDynamo (8) Jody Petty Sanna Hendriks Michael J. Moran 5:46.65
- 2004 – McDynamo (7) Thornton 156 Hirapour (Ire) (8) 156 Sur La Tete (6) 156
- 2003 – McDynamo (6) Thornton 156 Pelagos (FR) (8) 156 Mullahen 156
- 2002 – Flat Top (9) Massey 156 Tres Touche (5) 156 All Gong (GB) (8) 156
- 2001 – Quel Senor (Fr) (6) Murphy 156 Lord Zada (8) 156 Praise The Prince (6) 156
- 2000 – All Gong (GB) (6) B. Miller 156 Popular Gigalo (6) 156 Allgrit (5) 156
- 1993 – Lonesome Glory (5) B. Miller 156 Highland Bud (8) 156 Mistico (7) 156
- 1992 – Highland Bud (7) Dunwoody 156 Mistico (6) 156 Sassello (5) 156
- 1991- Morley Street (7) Frost 156 Declare Your Wish (5) 156 Cheering News (4) 146
- 1990 -Morley Street (6) Frost 156 Summer Colony (7) 156 Moonstruck (7) 156
- 1989 – Highland Bud (4) Dunwoody 146 Polar Pleasure (7) 156 Victorian Hill (4) 146
- 1988 – Jimmy Lorenzo (6) McCourt 156 Kalankoe (7) 153 Polar Pleasure (6) 156
- 1987 – Gacko (6) Duchene 156 Inlander (6) 156 Gateshead (8) 156
- 1986 – Census (8) Teter 156 Kesslin (6) 156 Pont du Loup (6) 156
The American Grand National in Far Hills started in 1899? Quoted…
National Museum of Racing – Former Chair – John T. von Stade of Bernardsville, NJ
Originally published in 2005 for The Idea Exchange
- Read the historic timeline starting back in 1834 from the Essex Hunt to the Far Hills Race – Click Here